雅思 | 考試寫作中忘了單詞怎麼辦?

By 學無界 Jason | 留學考試準備

4 月 14

雅思考試忘詞換詞法一:換用籠統詞

詞大體可分為兩類:籠統詞和具體詞。籠統詞的特點在於意義廣泛、搭配性強。雖然它們獨自不能精確表達一個動作,但在構成詞組以後可替代很多具體詞。寫作中遇到一些具體詞寫不出來的時候,用籠統詞取代,能收到異曲同工之妙。最常用的籠統詞有 havetake等。

例:邁克經歷了一個極其艱苦的時代。M ike experienced a terrible hard time.寫作時,若忘記了experience可用籠統詞have代替,寫成Mike had a terrible hard time.同樣能收到預期效果。

再看幾例:Are you married?= Do you have a wife /husband?

Do you understand my meaning?=Do you take my meaning?

She will subscribe(訂閱)to China Today.=She will take China Today.

雅思考試換詞法二:換用同義詞、反義詞

遇到未曾學過的詞或一時想不起的詞時,可採用發散性思維,發揮想象力,盡可能想出與之有關的同義詞、反義詞,利用語言的內在聯繫、多層次、多角度地運用語言,使單詞受阻現象得以解決。

例:昨晚李雷做了一場惡夢。

Li Lei had a nightmare last night.nightmare使用率不高,不易記住。但其同義詞bad dream易記。上句可換譯為:Li Lei had a bad dream last night.

再如:The food is tasty.=The food is nice toeat.=The food is delicious.

We discontinued the work at nine.=We stopped the work at nine.

This woman is talkative.=This woman is never quiet.

This car is expensive.=This car is not cheap.

雅思考試換詞法三:換用迂迴表達

當一個詞或某些信息表達起來有困難時,要充分利用語言本身詞彙豐富、句型多變等特點,進行迂迴表達。因為任何一種表達形式,只要能達意便可接受。請仔細觀察划線部分詞語,看看是如何迂迴表達的。

例:1.我從未見到過這樣頑固的人。

I’ve never seen such a stubborn person.=I’ve never seen such a person who never listens to other’s advice.

2.如果我們想得到文憑,我們必須首先通過考試。

If we want to obtain a diplomawe must first pass the exams.=If we want to get a graduation paperwe must first pass the exams.

3.工廠裡的煙囪(chimney)拔地而起。

High chimneys have appeared in the factories.=The factories are full of high chimneys.=A lot of high chimneys can be seen in the factories.

4.他數學考試取得優異成績,被大學錄取了。

He passed the maths exam /succeeded in the maths exam and became a college student.

5.中午我們吃了野餐。

At noon we had a picnic.=At noon we had our lunch in the open air.

以上就是關於雅思考試中考場忘詞怎麼辦介紹,希望能夠為大家瞭解雅思考試帶來幫助,希望大家多多掌握雅思詞彙。

大家懂得了這些

在雅思寫作的時候

就再也不怕單詞忘記了

誰都有緊張失靈的時候

用機智的方法去解決

才能取得最終的好成績呀

About the Author

Jason從事教育顧問的工作已有10年的經驗, 從2007年入行, 多年的顧問經驗告訴我, 沒有最好的某種教育產品, 只有最適合的生涯規劃. 服務, 該提供給真正有需要的人, 這一直是Jason以助人的角度出發, 持續堅持在教育顧問服務產業的目標, 如果你正好在選擇教育產品上很徬徨, 何不與我們聊聊?